As the season ages, the brilliant colors of fall gradually fade, becoming more and more difficult to find. Here in northcentral Pennsylvania the leaves of black birch and its more northern relative white birch are usually the first to turn from green to yellow; then the maples turn to red, yellow or orange. As the season progresses the leaves of other species turn color and fall to the ground. The oaks come last in the parade of colors.
By early November most trees are bare of leaves and the herbaceous plants have finished blooming. The colorful birds of spring and summer have migrated to warmer climes and the northern birds that head our way are slowly arriving.
Migrating waterfowl pass through in November and some linger for a while; and there are even a few insects that become active on warmer days. And there’s still some color to be found – oaks, being the last trees to turn color, brighten the landscape; and there are even a few scattered leaves of other tree species.
|New York Fern|
|Wolf's Milk Slime Mold|
|Frost on Black Maple leaf|
|Pin Oak Leaf|